The Secret South: from Cold War Perspective to Global South in Museum Collection

 

The “Global South” roughly refers to a set of developing countries, former colonies and non-Western cultural regions, most of which are in Southeast Asia, South Asia, West Asia, Africa, Latin America and the Pacific Islands. Taiwan finds itself in a rather paradoxical position in this regard: although Taiwan is undeniably a developing country in Asia, it has been prevented from participating in a series of cultural and political movements since the Asian-African Conference of 1955 due to the postwar political context. As a result, psychologically, the “Global South” is viewed as a remote issue for the people of the island.

 

From serving as a springboard for the Japanese invasion of Southeast Asia during the period of Japanese rule, to providing logistics facilities during the Cold War, and then looking for allies despite its difficult diplomatic situation, the role as a go-between seems to be a recurrent theme in the history of Taiwan. The various works in the exhibition include the following: war paintings produced during the Japanese rule in the 1940s, Nihonga paintings by Kuo Hsueh Hu after his visit to Thailand in the 1950s, Liu Max C. W.’s sketches during his participation in the Vietnam War in the 1960s, Shiy De Jinn’s portrayals of the Philippines in the 1970s, paintings as part of the museum collection in the 1980s by leading Southeast Asian artists such as Ang Kiukok (the Philippines) and Cheong Soo Pieng (Singapore), installation works by important Central American artists in the 1990s, and 21st-century works by artists from Taiwan and other countries addressing historical or contemporary situations. Punctuated by numerous archives and documents from Taiwan and Singapore, the exhibition provides an index for researchers who are interested in this subject.

 

Most of the works on exhibit are from museum collections, with half coming from the Taipei Fine Arts Museum and the remainder from different museums and foundations in Taiwan. Many works have sat in museum storage for the past decades, never going on display due to an absence of relevant exhibition topics. In a way, this exhibition not only features the history of post-war artistic exchanges between Taiwan and the Global South, but also offers a glimpse into art from the South in museum collections in Taiwan.

 

Chief Curator: Ping Lin

Guest Curator: Takamori Nobuo

 

Artists:
Ishihara Shisan, Deng Nan Guang, Hsu Wu Yung, Ho Te Lai, Zhu Ming Gang, Mei Dean E, Kuo Hsueh Hu, Ma Pai Sui, Liu Max C. W., Ang Kiukok, Shyi Der Jinn, Hsu Chia Wei, Tsai Tsao Ju, Shaih Lifa, Lee Yung Chih, Ong Kim Seng, Ho Kah Leong, Liu Kang, Chen Wen Hsi, Cheong Soo Pieng, Luis González Palma, Santos Arzú Quioto, José Alfredo Rodríguez Guillén, Manuel Zumbado Retana, Priscilla Monge, Xenia Mejia Padilla, Yao Jui Chung & Hank Cheng, Au Sow Yee, Lim Hooi Hwa, Chuan Hui Hua, Chiu Chen Hung, Chang En Man, Wong Hoy Cheong, So Yo Hen, Irwan Ahmett & Tita Salina

Archive researchers:
Huang Yi Hsiung, Chen Hsiang Wen, Koh Nguang How, Rikey Tenn Bun Ki

 

Acknowledgements:
AP Archive , British Pathé, Central News Agency, Eye Filmmuseum, Indigenous Peoples Cultural Foundation, Kaohsiung Museum of Fine Arts, Kuo Hsueh-Hu Foundation, National Archives Administration, National Development Council, National Museum of History, National Museum of Natural Science, National Museum of Taiwan History, National Taiwan Museum, National Taiwan Museum of Fine Arts, National Taiwan Library , Shyi Der-Jinn Foundation, Taiwan Film and Audiovisual Institute, Yuyu Yang Art Education Foundation, Chen Fei Hao, Taipei Public Library, Thanavi Chotpradit, Tessa Maria Guazon, Hsu Fang Tze, Lai Ying Tai, Lin Shu Kai, Liu Kang’s Family, Seng Yu Jin